How Did India Become First Country To Land On South Pole Of Moon?

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India became the first country to land a spacecraft near the south pole of the Moon in a historic moment, drawing cheers from crowds across the country.

Chandrayaan-3, which means "moon ship" in Sanskrit, landed its Vikram lander shortly after 18:00. (12:30 GMT) near the South Pole of the Moon, a world first for a space program.

"India is on the Moon," Sreedhara said Panicker Somanath, President of the Space Research Organization of India (ISRO) at the time of Vikram's landing.

For India, successful landing marks its rise as a space power as it says the government seeks to encourage private investment in space launches and associated satellite projects.

People all over across the country sat in front of television screens and prayed as the spacecraft descended as it approached the surface.

"This is the victory cry of a new India," said the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, waving the Indian flag as he witnessed the landing in South Africa, where he attended the BRICS summit.

India not only went down in history as the first country to land near the South Pole region, but also joined the United States and the former Soviet Union. and China during a moon landing.

The mission launched nearly six weeks ago in front of thousands of enthusiastic spectators and took significantly longer to reach the Moon than the Apollo missions of the 1960s and 70s, which arrived within days .

At the time, India used much weaker missiles than those of the United States. Instead, the spacecraft circled the Earth several times to gain speed before embarking on its month-long lunar journey.

Rough terrain makes it easier to landed at the South Pole. Ice and water in the area could provide fuel, oxygen and fresh water for future missions.

It was India's second attempt to land on the moon. In 2019, the Chandrayaan-2 successfully deployed an orbiter, but its lander crashed.

Russia announced on Monday at 47:00 its first lunar mission, also aimed at the South Pole - failed after its Luna-25 spacecraft went out of control and crashed on the moon. The head of Russia's national space company Roscosmos attributed the failure to lack of experience due to the long interruption of lunar research that followed the last Soviet mission to the moon in 1976.

A six-wheeled rover to cross the lunar surface and collect images and data. The rover is expected to continue operating for two weeks, conducting a variety of experiments, including spectrometric analyzes of the mineral composition of the lunar surface.

Answered 11 months ago Nikhil BhatnagarNikhil Bhatnagar
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Successful landing marks India's rise to space power. This makes India the fourth country to achieve this feat, after the United States, the former Soviet Union and China, and the first to land near the South Pole of the Moon.

India on Wednesday became the first country to land a spacecraft near the south pole of the Moon, the national space agency announced.

"India is on the moon," said S. Somanath, head of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), while lander Chandrayaan- 3 carried out the mission . flight. "Soft landing" on the lunar surface.

"This is a cry of victory for the new India," said Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who witnessed the landing in Johannesburg. at the last moment, where he attends the BRICS summit.

Modi hoped the mission's success would spur investment in private spacecraft launches and related companies to satellites .< /div

Joy as spacecraft touch down

The successful landing took place just days after the Russian spacecraft Luna-25 collided with the Moon after losing control of it.

 

India's previous moon landing attempt failed in 2019, but scientists and country officials on Wednesday cheered and embraced the spacecraft's landing. New Delhi reported that the response in India was "euphoric".

 

"India has a young, vibrant and emerging population and takes great pride in making part of a "a country that looks to the future and is able to compete internationally and also be in the big league of its space program," he said.>

The mission was launched nearly six weeks ago and people from all over the world India sat in front of television screens and prayed as the spacecraft approached the surface.

Mission Chandrayaan-3

The south pole of the Moon has potential as a source of oxygen, fuel and water for future missions and as a lunar colony.

Chandrayaan -3 is expected to spend two weeks exploring and conducting a series of experiments to determine the mineral composition of the lunar surface.

Various countries, including The United States, China, Israel and Japan aspire to establish a base on the Moon.

Only the United States, China and the former Soviet Union have so far managed to make a controlled landing on the surface of the Moon.

 

Answered 11 months ago Anonymous Anonymous